Location: Edinburgh, Scotland
History: Also known as Holyrood Palace, it is the official residence of the monarch in Scotland. Holyrood Abbey was founded by David I, King of Scots in 1128, while Holyrood Palace has been the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scots since the 15th century. Queen Elizabeth II currently spends one week a year there, carrying out official engagements at the beginning of each summer.
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