Know everything about prostate gland
Prostrate literally means a guardian. It can encounter many problems including prostrate cancer.
Prostate gland is a male reproductive gland which is present in the pelvis below the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urinary bladder and urethra (a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside). This gland is also responsible for producing a fluid called prostatic fluid which is consists of sugar, protein and large amounts of Zinc.
Prostate gland enlargement
Prostate gland enlargement can occur. Age factor is responsible for the enlargement of the gland and this condition is known as BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia). The symptoms of BPH occur due to blockage of the urinary passage. These may include symptoms such as
Difficulty in urination
Urination occurs frequently
Presence of blood in urine
Presence of stones in the urinary bladder
Kidney disease due to excess amount of urine present in urinary bladder
Pain during urination
An inflammation or infection of the prostate gland is called prostatitis. Prostatitis can be acute as well as chronic.
Symptoms of prostatitis include fever and chills, difficulty in urination, burning sensation and pain, desire to urinate often, lower abdominal pain and blood in the urine.
Diagnosis of prostatitis
To diagnose prostatitis the patient may go for digital examination of the rectum and if there are any symptoms suggesting infection, then prostatic fluid should be analyzed. Transrectal ultrasound is another way of examining the prostate. Sometimes samples of urine are collected and sent for further analysis, which may include voiding studies, bacteriology or biopsy.
Treatement for prostatitis
Prostatitis (acute) can be cured by giving certain medications such as
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen can be given to relieve pain.
Patient should drink plenty of water that can help in passing the bowel easily and reduce prostate inflammation.
Antibiotics are needed to kill the bacterial overgrowth in the prostate.
Prostate cancer is a well-known and common cancer. It can be hereditary that transmits from one generation to other and increase according to the age of an individual.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
Weight loss and fatigue
Blood in urine
Pain in chest and coughing
Diagnosis of prostrate cancer
To diagnose prostatic cancer an ultrasound and biopsy can be done. In a transrectal ultrasound, a probe is inserted into the rectum. During biopsy a piece of tissue is taken and analyzed for cancer. Prostate gland is responsible for producing a substance known as PSA (prostate specific antigen). A PSA blood test can be done to check the PSA level in blood and a markedly increased PSA level is a suggestive of prostate cancer.
Treatment given in prostate cancer
Prostate cancer may be treated by doing surgery or chemotherapy. Hormonal treatment is also given.
Photographs from Creative commons
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